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Ulpia Oescus was one of the largest and most significant Thracian-Roman settlements on the lower Danube region.
Especially between the 2nd to 4th centuries CE, it functioned as a vibrant urban center and a strategic military outpost for the Roman empire’s colonization efforts.
Ulpia Oescus’ archaeological remains are located near the Bulgarian villages of Gigen and Gulyantsi, in Pleven Municipality. While situated only 5 km south from the almighty Danube River, the ancient city sprawls right across from the mouth of the Iskar River. In fact, its eponym Oescus comes from the Thracian name for the Iskar River.
Nowadays, Ulpia Oescus is considered one of the pre-eminent cultural tourism attractions in Northern Bulgaria. It is a World Heritage Site under UNESCO’s protection. According to Bulgarian history experts, it bears enormous significance for the study of ancient architecture, ancient art and ancient religion.